All photos (9)Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region
Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region
Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region

Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region

10.07 reviews
Sights and Museums, Historic Site
Ranked #2 in Ohrid things to do
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Ohrid, Macedonia
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Ohrid was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979, because of its historic importance and its exceptional natural beauty. The town, located on the shores of Lake Ohrid, was constructed between ... Read more
the 7th and 19th centuries. It is home to the oldest Slav monastery, and more than 800 Byzantine-style icons dating to around the year 1000 – one of the most important collections of these icons in the world. The town is one of Europe's most ancient settlements; archaeologists have established that it was inhabited at least 5000 years ago.

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Istanbul

Ohrid is a place where you can find a peace ... There are very nice people and good party in the nights ... I love Macedonia ... I love Ohrid ... Love it and you <3

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Skopje

Ohrid is an immortal town on the mythical Balkan, a magical hill of Macedonia whose primordial pulsation links ancient and modern times forever...
Archaeological finds indicate that Ohrid is one of the oldest human settlements in all of Europe. The lake itself is over three million years old. Ohrid town is first mentioned in Greek documents from 353 BCE, when it was known as Lychnidos - or, “the city of light.” Only much later, in 879 CE, was it renamed Ohrid. The name probably derives from the phrase “Oh-rid” – meaning roughly, “Oh, what a cliff!” It comes from the time when the town was limited in a small area on the lake side of the hill, which in fact is a huge cliff rising above the lakeshore. The town as we know it today was built mostly between the 7th and 19th centuries. During the Byzantine period, Ohrid became a significant cultural and economic center, serving as an episcopal center of the Orthodox Church and as the site of the first Slavic university run by St. Climent and St. Naum at the end of the 9th century. At the beginning of the 11th century, Ohrid briefly became the capital of the kingdom ruled by Car Samuil, whose fortress still presides over the city today.

The prehistoric pile dwelling settlement in the Bay of Bones
Attached on the lake bed, at a depth ranging from 3 to 5m, an abundance of wooden piles and numerous movable archeological materials chronologically dated to the end of Bronze and beginning of Iron Age, i.e. between 1200BC to 700BC, were discovered.
The prehistoric pile dwelling settlement in the Bay of Bones was built on a platform placed on wooden piles attached to the lake bottom. A wooden bridge was connecting the settlement with the shoreline. It is presumed alike the other similar settlements at Lake Ohrid, the settlement can be dated back in the times of the initial profiling of the first tribal populations, respectively the period of coexistence of the Briges, the oldest tribal community from these area.

Saint Clement of Ohrid was a medieval Saint from Ohrid, scholar, writer and enlightener of the Slavs. He was the most prominent disciple of Saints Cyril and Methodius and is often associated with the creation of the Glagolitic and Cyrillic alphabets, especially their popularisation among Christianised Slavs. He was the founder of the Ohrid Literary School and is considered as a patron of education and language by most Slavic nations.
The church of St. Climent was built in 893 year on the foundation of the early Christian basilica, and dedicated to St. Panteleimon. It was here where the Ohrid Literary School, a center of Slavonic literary and cultural activity, was found and were educated more than 3,500 disciples. St. Climent was buried in this monastery, in the tomb which was built by his hands.
He is regarded to be the first bishop of the Macedonian Orthodox Church, nowadays the patron saint of the Republic of Macedonia, the city of Ohrid and the Macedonian Orthodox Church.

Kaneo is the most scenic and beautiful spot of Ohrid. A small Orthodox church is standing high on a cliff over Lake Ohrid and is attributed to the author of the Gospel of John, St. John the Theologian. Orthodox churches are often situated at stunning geographic locations.
St.John Kaneo church 13th c. was built into the shape of a cruciform with a rectangular base. The architect of the church is unknown but it is believed that he was influenced by the architecture of Armenian churches. Reconstruction work was carried out on the church in the 14th century, shortly before the arrival of Ottoman Turks in Macedonia. A wooden iconostasis was constructed within the church and by the 20th century numerous saints along with the Virgin Mary have been portrayed on the apse. A fresco of Christ Pantocrator can be seen on the dome of the church. A fresco of Saint Clement of Ohrid, accompanied by Saint Erasmus of Ohrid, can also be seen on a wall of the church.
There is a beach under the cliff and a couple of restaurants along the shore of the former fishermen's settlement of Kaneo.

Ohrid Traditional Architecture - Ohrid developed very specific architecture with tight narrow streets and tunnels (houses built over the streets). The houses had tiny yards usually enclosed in the ground floor, and the houses grew over the streets on the upper floors since the locations were small. The steep terrain enabled everybody to have a good view of the lake and because of the strong sun the houses were painted white, so they would reflect the sun. Because of the winds from the lake the houses in Ohrid don’t have the open spaces that traditional houses in other towns in Macedonia have. Interesting houses can be seen all over the old town but the best examples are along “Car Samoil” and “Ilindenska” streets. Robevci & Uranija houses are the two best examples of traditional architecture. They are houses of very rich families (normally the houses were not this big). Especially rich in terms of architecture is Uranija house, with entrances on different levels and inside galleries. They have been turned into museums today and on the top level of Robevci house has great view, traditional wood carvings and furniture.

King Samoil’s Fortress
The Ohrid Fortress is one of the largest mediaeval fortifications to be preserved in the Republic of Macedonia. With its massive walls and ramparts, it occupies the entire summit of the hill of Ohrid. The hilly pert of the town was protected on all sides save the south, which faces the lake, by towers and high walls three kilometers in length, stretching as far as the harbor. Entrance to the town was gained by three gates, of which only the Upper Gate has been preserved. The Fortress, in addition to serving the function of defense against enemies, was also an inhabited area and has come to be known as Samoil’s Fortress.
During the reign of Samoil (976 - 1014), and of his successors up to 1018, Ohrid was the capital of the first Macedonian Medieval state. Both before and after Samoil’s time and of his successors the fortress was destroyed and rebuilt again. After the transformation of Samoil’s state into a political and ecclesiastical seat, Ohrid became a real mediaeval metropolis.
Following the epochal archeological excavations done by the archeologist Pasko Kuzman, it is definitely certified that on the terrain of the Samoil Fortress on the hilly part of Ohrid, several decades of centuries are being connected in three periods: Pre-Samoil’s Period, Samoil’s Period and Post-Samoil’s Period of the history of Ohrid.

The Monastery of St. Naum is located on the southeast side of Lake Ohrid, in Macedonia. Its building is linked to the name of St. Naum, the closest associate of St. Clement of Ohrid. Records about the life and work of St. Naum can be found in three literature works dedicated to his life and in the Historical Archives of Ohrid.
The iconostasis in the church was carved in 1711. The authors are unknown. The icons of the iconostasis: Crucifixion and Entrance into Jerusalem are treated as one of the best achievements from the first part of XVIII century. Also there are two Cyrillic and one Glagolitic-Cyrilic inscriptions dating from the period between the late X and XII centuries. These inscriptions testify of the development of the oldest Slavic scripts Glagolitic and Cyrillic in the Ohrid region.

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One of the most popular places to visit for Macedonian people, ye not popular with foreigners and I have no clue why. This place is gorgeous ! St Jovan Kaneo church built of the edge of the cliff is the reason why I went there, I just saw a pictures and felt in love in s second. This place is as well very cheap , we paid 5 Euro per person in a triple room with a kitchen and bathroom in some private house. Our Hosts were extremely friendly , the showed us a city and we drunk a rakija with them ! One of the best trips ever ! highly recommended !

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Bucharest
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You can visit this on your way to Greece. Please do. It is worth it!

Macedonia, a country not many people have heard of, at least outside Europe. So, if you find yourself in this country, what should you do?
Well, you should go to Lake Ohrid. Why? Because it's unique, it's different, it's beautiful.
The Ohrid Region was declared an Unesco World Heritage Site, and as you enter in Ohrid (city), the gateway to Lake Ohrid, it's easy to see why: you have a lovely ottoman style old town, cliffs, mountains, churches, beaches, you name it.
The old town is particulary beautiful, as it is laid on a hill overlooking the lake. As you may guess, the higher you go into the old town, the more beautiful the view. Narrow cobble streets, restaurants, bars shops is what you will find at the footsteps of the hill in the old town. As you ascend to the summit, you have beautiful houses, forests, and at the top, you have a beautiful monastery.
Things to do in Ohrid:
-see St. Jovan Kaneo Church that is built on the edge of a cliff; you can have breathtaking views from there
-eat in one of the many traditional restaurants;
-stroll along the promenade;
-take a bath in the lake;
-party at night;
All of the above are very cheap by the way! From the accomodation, to the food. You could get by with as little as 30 dollars per day each person.
Outside of Ohrid, you could follow the road by the lake south, until you reach the border of Albania. There is the monastery of St. Naum, again a very beautiful place to be. Take photos of the mountains overlooking the lake, the brick walled church, the peacocks. Plenty of photo opportunities there.

Don't miss this destination: it's overlooked by many tourists and it is a must see for any traveler!

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Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region

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